ERIC Number: ED317621
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Are Costs Related to Effects in Cost-Effect Analysis?
The application of a cost-effect analysis strategy to the delivery of vocational education services by California's Regional Occupational Centers and Programs (ROC/Ps) was investigated. Data representing both program costs (revenues and expenditures) and outcomes (student completions and placements) were collected from a statewide sample representing 16.3% of the courses (n=482) and 30.4% of the over 350,000 students (n=108,759) served during 1987-88. Two survey instruments were used to collect cost and outcome data. Cost-effect ratios were calculated for several desirable outcomes, demonstrating differential levels of cost-efficiency in achieving these outcomes. Structural equation modeling, using LISREL-6, was then used to confirm an hypothesized causal network underlying these differences. Results show that program costs are positively related to the number of students enrolled in each program but not to the rates of their achieving positive outcomes from those programs. This relationship was confirmed through an analysis of the relevant legislation impacting the ROC/Ps. The legislation demonstrates a clear relationship between program funding and student enrollments but not between program funding and student outcome attainment. These findings indicate a restricted applicability of cost-effect analysis to situations in which causal linkages between costs and effects are clearly accepted. Nine tables and five figures are included. The standardized solutions for the final model are appended. (Author/TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: California Educational Research Cooperative, Riverside.; California Association of Regional Occupational Centers and Programs.; California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California