ERIC Number: ED317583
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
Artistic Judgment Project I: Internal-Structure Analyses. Technical Report 1989-2.
Bezruczko, Nikolaus; Schroeder, David H.
An experimental test battery consisting of several tests that measure aspects of artistic judgment was administered to over 1,600 clients of the Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation. The battery consisted of the Visual Aesthetic Sensitivity Test (VAST) of K. O. Gotz (1981); the Design Judgment Test (DJT) of M. Graves (1948); and two tests developed at the Foundation--the Visual Designs Test (VDT), and the Proportion Appraisal. An exploratory factor analysis revealed two major factors for the VDT, and scales named Simplicity and Uniformity were constructed for these factors. The other tests each showed only one major factor. Simplicity, Uniformity, and the DJT showed high reliability. Proportion Appraisal showed substandard reliability, and the VAST showed poor reliability. Sex and age effects were generally small. Intertest correlations were low, indicating that the tests measure largely independent aspects of visual preference and sensitivity. The DJT and the VDT's two scales showed good internal psychometric properties for individual assessment. However, the other tests require further development to meet the Foundation's standards for precision of measurement. Nine figures and 11 tables illustrate the study. A 156-item list of references is included. (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johnson O'Connor Research Foundation, Chicago, IL. Human Engineering Lab.