ERIC Number: ED317570
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Sep
Standards and Testing in Other Professions. What Research Says About Series, Number 7.
National Education Association, Washington, DC. Research Div.
Among the most often discussed reforms for the teaching profession is the creation of a national board to develop standards and procedures for teacher certification. As a step toward forming such a board, a study was undertaken to determine the regulatory and assessment structures in other professions and the accuracy of reformers' understanding of the functions served by national examinations. Information was obtained from: bulletins of agencies responsible for the examinations; conversations with staff members of professional boards; sociologists investigating the subject of professions; and related published material. Preliminary findings are reported and profiles are sketched to show the structure, content, purpose, and organization of professional boards in the following fields: (1) accounting; (2) architecture; (3) dentistry; (4) law; and (5) medicine. Members of a profession are heavily involved in both preparation and grading of examinations. The purpose of national examinations is to establish basic or technical competence to begin professional practice; no examination studied claimed to determine a high level of competence, and none was an actual test of performance. Evidence suggests that standards for certification in these professions grew from licensure requirements. While these examinations are called national examinations, they are, in reality, graded and accepted by states. (SLD)
Descriptors: Accounting, Architecture, Certification, Dentistry, Lawyers, Licensing Examinations (Professions), Medicine, National Competency Tests, National Organizations, Occupational Tests, Professional Associations, Professional Education, Standards, State Licensing Boards, Teacher Certification, Test Use
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC. Research Div.