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ERIC Number: ED317551
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Pages: 43
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Experimenter Expectancy, Covert Communication, and Meta-Analytic Methods.
Rosenthal, Robert
The affect/effect theory of the mediation of teacher expectation effects is presented, and a research agenda is suggested for the investigation of this theory. In addition, some methodological issues in psychology are reviewed. The affect/effect theory states that a change in the level of expectations held by a teacher for the intellectual performance of a student is translated into a change in the affect shown by the teacher toward that student and the degree of effort shown by that teacher in teaching that student. The affect/effect theory is consistent with much experience and research. The following aspects of the theory are considered: (1) dynamic features; (2) communication channels; (3) molar versus molecular variables; (4) redundancy versus specificity; (5) channel discrepancy; (6) interactional synchrony; and (7) direct intervention. Future efforts should extend the affect/effect theory to domains other than education. The methodological features of psychology reviewed include: a discussion of effect size; a consideration of what constitutes successful replication of research; and a review of the benefits of meta-analysis, both obvious and less apparent. A 52-item list of references is included. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, CA.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A