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ERIC Number: ED317548
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A Slow Look at Speeded Reading Comprehension Tests.
Kerstiens, Gene
Review of Research in Developmental Education, v7 n3 1990
The definitions of and literature on test speededness are reviewed, and factors and areas in which the tests reveal their strengths and limitations are discussed. The focus of this article is on speeded reading comprehension tests used for entry or re-entry placement in postsecondary institutions. Speeded tests were prompted by the accelerating popularity of timed tests initially used for mass assessment of World War I recruits and conscripts. Early research reviews dealt almost entirely with studies based on comprehensive student populations. Later investigations began to direct attention toward underprepared populations. Almost inevitably, students who score low on the reading test portion of an entry assessment are candidates for intervention. Issues covered include speed set and anxiety, test wiseness and accuracy, and backwash. Speed set is a rate-of-work mind set purposefully executed to complete a task during the allotted time instead of the time the task demands. Backwash refers to the effect that a test of particular skill has on the acquisition of that skill. The preponderance of research indicates that the tests in question are inappropriate for comprehensive populations as well as developmental students. There are a number of acceptable alternatives to speeded comprehension tests. A 52-item list of references is included. (TJH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A