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ERIC Number: ED317456
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Attenuation of Women's Role on Southern Illinois Farmsteads in the Twentieth Century.
Adams, Jane
Five farms in Union County in extreme southern Illinois were studied in depth, and about 100 more were briefly surveyed to ascertain how the farm women's roles have changed over the years. Well into the twentieth century, the male and female domains on these farms were relatively well defined. Within the barn and its yards, the husband had primary authority over the organization of space and work; within the house and its yards, the wife had primary authority. The husband's domain was primarily oriented to commodity production and the pursuit of profits, with production for use subordinated to production for the market. Conversely, the wife's domain was primarily oriented to the production for use values and the reproduction of the family which constituted the immediate work force, with commodity production subordinated to consumption needs. Changes in technology, production techniques, and the economy have gradually transformed the organization of farmsteads. The modern farm, organized increasingly along industrial lines, has replaced women's prior productive functions with equipment and cash. Like nonfarm women, farmer's wives, too, have left their place within the operation of the farm for wage labor outside the home and farm. Unless a woman assumes new roles on the farm, leaving her separate domain to become a bookkeeper, marketing expert, or farm hand, her life in the 1980s is little different from her nonfarming rural and small-town counterpart. A 56-item bibliography is included and 5 figures, including floor plans of the forms discussed, are appended. (JB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois