ERIC Number: ED317452
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jun-18
Educating Women for Peace: The United States Section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and Political Organization during the 1930s.
Pois, Anne Marie
The focus of this paper is the U.S. section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (US WILPF) and its efforts to mobilize an activist and durable women's peace reform organization in the 1930s. Members wished US WILPF to serve as an avenue for expanding women's political power and for reaching the goals of nonviolent change and economic and social justice at all levels of national and international life. It was the first modern women's peace organization to emerge after World War I. With its national headquarters in Washington, D.C., it functioned as a public interest group with Dorothy Detzer as chief lobbyist, while local branch members applied pressure on legislators and officials and attempted to educate communities on peace issues. Mildred Scott Olmstead, the national organization secretary, worked to expand and strengthen the group at the grassroots level in order to increase US WILPF's political clout. This two-pronged approach to peace education--lobbying at the highest policy-making levels and education at the grassroots level--provided women with the opportunity to gain political power to realize their reformist goals. These women chose not to enter partisan politics or the electoral arena. Instead, they opted for empowerment through educational, lobbying, and organizing activities. Women's full political participation would await a future generation of women who had developed both a feminist peace consciousness and a plan for entering electoral politics. (JB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Women's Studies Association (11th, Towson, MD, June 18, 1989).