ERIC Number: ED317443
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Science and Technology for Development. Report of the United Nations Issues Conference (19th, Harriman, New York, February 26-28, 1988).
Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.
Science and technology are helping solve problems around the world as well as creating new problems. The concentration of scientific and technological capabilities in a few countries exacerbates these new problems. The United Nations tried to address this disparity through a program on science and technology for development adopted in Vienna in 1979. That program has faltered. Participants at the Nations Issues Conference asked why, discussed the appropriate role for the United Nations, and identified new challenges. It was agreed that science, technology, and production interact in ways that often are unpredictable. Development was discussed as a society's ability to meet the needs of its people. The term endogenous capacity is used to describe a nation's ability to make informed choices and decisions about how to apply science and technology to economic and social development. Many felt the Vienna Programme of Action had failed because it was political in nature, it did not have sufficient input from the scientific and technological community, and it was unable to build its own constituency among member-nation governments, and therefore it lacked sufficient funds. Conference participants agreed there is no need for a grand scheme for promoting development. The role for the United Nations should be restricted to those areas where a universal, multilateral governmental agency is needed. There is also a role for multilateral organizations to facilitate coordination among efforts to apply science and technology to development. (JB)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Proceedings
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.