ERIC Number: ED317338
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Education: A Case Study of Two Districts in Nepal.
Sharma, Madhav P.
In 1952 Nepal launched a rural development program to improve economic, social, and educational conditions in rural villages, which comprise 91% of the nation's population. This paper examines school characteristics and educational participation in two districts and discusses a national evaluation of the rural education program. Lungruppa village panchayat is an isolated area lying at 3,500-11,000 feet in altitude and containing 888 households. The first school opened in 1961, and there are now 5 primary schools and 1 lower secondary school together enrolling 441 students and employing 13 teachers. Banke district contains fertile lowlands and forest resources; modern facilities are concentrated in urban areas. Three rural village panchayats in the district have a population of 16,360 and school enrollment of 933. Analysis of variables affecting educational participation in the two rural areas found that the single most important factor was sex; boys made up 76% of the school population in Lungruppa and 91% in rural Banke. Other significant factors were child's age and contribution to family earning; caste or ethnic group; father's education, income, occupation, and attitudes; distance from home to school; ethnic similarity between teacher and student; percentage of qualified teachers; and availability of classroom space and instructional materials. A national educational evaluation in 1981-84 showed wide differences in education between rural and urban areas, and low levels of enrollment for females, particularly in rural areas. This paper contains 17 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Attendance, Case Studies, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment, Family Characteristics, Foreign Countries, Institutional Characteristics, Parent School Relationship, Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Urban Differences, Sex Differences, Student Characteristics, Student Participation
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nepal