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ERIC Number: ED317331
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Jul-27
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Rural Social Work Practice: Should We Use a Community Organization or a Community Development Model?
Means, Gary E.
Rural social work has its roots both in social movements and in personal social services. Social workers in rural areas need to be effective not only in individual change, but also in organizational or community change, defined as the process by which people attempt to promote the well-being of their community. Similarities exist between contemporary community organizing and community development; both reflect a self-help and community movement approach. This paper examines, first, the basic models of community organizing from a social work perspective, and, second, the community development model as it has evolved in the rural setting. Three models of community organization exist: (1) the locality development model, (2) the social planning model, and (3) the social action model. There are three themes of community development: (1) self-help, non-directive or cooperative; (2) conflict or confrontation; and (3) technical intervention, planning or assistance. Community organization and community development models exhibit more similarities than differences when compared in these configurations: (1) locality development and self help; (2) social planning and technical intervention planning; and (3) social action, conflict, and confrontation. This paper cites 38 references. (ALL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A