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ERIC Number: ED317311
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Pages: 33
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Early Group Day Care on the Development of Communication Skills Related to Social Competence.
Black, Betty; Logan, Arliss
Interactional processes that lead to individual differences in children's communication styles and peer competence were explored in an examination of discourse and communication patterns used in parent-child and child-child interaction. Subjects were 38 children of 29-64 months in full-time day care and their mothers. Data was gathered through videotapes of mother-child interaction and peer interaction. Conversational scaffolding behavior and various aspects of discourse were measured. Findings indicated that full-time child care in day care centers during the first year of life is associated with patterns of communication that are related to low social competence in preschool-age children. The children in day care centers were more likely than the other children to use a vague and unfocused style of directing initiations to peers; noncontingent responses to the requests, suggestions, and demands of others; and a style of turn-taking that consisted of irrelevant comments that disrupted discourse. The pattern of noncontingent responding and irrelevant initiations was evident in children's conversations with their mothers and peers, and in mothers' conversations with their children. About 40 references are cited. Guidelines for coding data in terms of discourse codes and conversational scaffolding are appended. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A