ERIC Number: ED317276
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Nutritional Status: The Interpretation of Indicators. Children in the Tropics: Review of the International Children's Centre.
Chauliac, Michel; Masse-Raimbault, Anne-Marie
Children in the Tropics, n181-182 1989
The assessment of individual or community nutritional status involves the use of indicators; when properly analyzed and interpreted, these may be used to decide what strategies to implement, or how to orient activities aimed at improving nutritional status. In primary health care programs, one approach which remains underused involves obtaining knowledge of the nutritional status of families, so as to better adjust treatment to each individual, to guide preventive action at the family and community level, to evaluate nutrition programs, and to provide the information needed for planning in the field of food policy. This approach involves the use of judiciously selected indicators or indices, each measuring a specific phenomenon and yielding a well-defined piece of knowledge. In the interpretation of the findings, certain rules must be applied if the exact signification of each tool or measurement is to be respected. Periodical longitudinal monitoring of the nutritional status of families, extended to the in-depth interpretation of qualitative and quantitative findings, is needed for the early detection of malnutrition, the regular observation of the evolution of the nutritional situation in each region over the years, and the gradual development of interventions aimed at improving living conditions through action in the many sectors involved, including food and agriculture, health, economics, and education. This report provides a rationale for evaluating nutritional status and describes anthropometric indicators of nutritional status. Further discussion concerns neonates, pregnant women, presentation of data, and biological assays in the assessment of nutritional status. A brief glossary of terms is given, followed by an appendix of anthropometric reference tables. (RH)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Biochemistry, Body Height, Data Analysis, Evaluation, Family Status, Females, Glossaries, Males, Mothers, Neonates, Nutrition, Pregnancy, Primary Health Care, Statistical Distributions, Weight (Mass)
International Children's Centre, Chateau de Longchamp, Bois de Boulogne, 75016 Paris, France (double issue, $12.00; 1-year subscription, $30.00).
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: International Children's Centre, Paris (France).