ERIC Number: ED317239
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
An Examination of Demographic, Institutional, and Assessment Factors Affecting Access to Higher Education for Underrepresented Students in the California Community Colleges.
Kanter, Martha J.
In 1987, a study was conducted to investigate the extent to which demographic, institutional, and assessment factors affected access to college-level courses for underrepresented students (i.e., Blacks, Hispanics, Native Americans, and persons with disabilities). Using stepwise discriminant function analyses and descriptive statistics, the study examined factors which discriminated between students who were eligible for entry into college-level courses and those who were not. The study used pre-existing college assessment, course, and student/institutional demographic data and information collected from interviews with community college administrators, faculty, and staff. The predictor variables analyzed included demographic variables (e.g., age, gender, student goal, and educational history), institutional variables (e.g., size, setting, ethnic distribution, and instructional resource allocation), and reliability, validity, and norms of the assessment/placement tests used. The study examined the separate and collective effects of these predictors on eligibility for placement into transfer/baccalaureate, associate degree-applicable only, or precollegiate basic skills courses. The study sample consisted of 24,952 new and continuing students enrolled at six community colleges in fall 1987. Findings showed that demographic and institutional characteristics related to race/ethnicity affected student access to college. The bulk of the report consists of tables showing the results of the statistical analyses. The report includes 124 references. (WJT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California