ERIC Number: ED317228
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar-20
Prediction of Success and Grades in Political Science and History: A Matriculation Study.
Georgakakos, John H.
In 1989, a study was conducted at Riverside Community College (RCC) using regression analyses to predict grades as well as student success (C grade or better) in political science and history courses. Initial independent (predictor) variables included placement test scores on each of the three ASSET tests of baskc sills (reading, language usage, and numerical skills), as well as seven other variables: age, gender, ethnicity, whether the student had declared a major, whether the student had declared a definite educational goal, whether the student attended class at night, and an instructor variable. Subjects for the study were students, mostly freshmen, enrolled in the spring of 1989 in either Political Science I or one of four history classes and students who had also taken all three ASSET tests of basic skills the previous summer. The final number of subjects unique to each analysis was 105 for political science and 322 for history. After various statistical analyses were applied to the data, the major conclusions of the study were as follows: (1) ASSET scores were useful for predicting success or grades in history but not in political science at RCC; (2) mathematics test scores might be effective predictors of grades for certain nonmathematical courses such as history; (3) older students tended to have greater success and achieved higher grades in both political science and history; (4) evening students fared better gradewise in history than did their daytime counterparts, even after controlling for age and instructor effects; (5) the instructor variable generally had a profound effect on the success of students in certain courses and was found to operate as a suppressor of the fact that evening students outperformed day students in history; and (6) the utilization of both the inclusion and the exclusion of droppers in tandem in the study was conducive to the formulation of greater overall insights. An appendix containing the raw statistical data in eight tables is attached. (JMC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Riverside Community Coll., CA.