ERIC Number: ED317191
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
The Academic Achievement of Junior College Students and Computer Assisted Instruction.
Land, Warren A.; Haney, Julia J.
This study compared the effects of traditional instruction and computer assisted instruction (CAI) on 152 students enrolled in a psychology class at a junior college in northwestern Mississippi. Specifically, the study compared the effects of the two types of instruction on students' academic achievement, motivation and enthusiasm for learning, and self-concept and attitude toward the course and the professor. Eighty-two of the subjects received CAI and 70 received traditional instruction. In order to determine the effect of the two instructional methods on academic achievement, teacher-assigned grades in psychology were compared upon completion of the course. The total ACT score was used to statistically control the general aptitude and ability of the students. The independent variables of age, race, and sex were also compared with both instructional methods to determine their effect on teacher-assigned grades in the course. Data were analyzed using analysis of covariance. No significant difference was observed between the gradepoint average earned by the CAI group and that earned by the traditional group. When race, age, and sex were treated as independent variables, age was found to be a significant factor. When student responses were tabulated regarding their attitudes toward the course and the professor, those taught with the computer had more positive attitudes than those taught through with traditional methods. (GL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Little Rock, AR, November 8-10, 1989).