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ERIC Number: ED317156
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jun
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Learning as Seen from the Learner's Point of View. ZIFF Papiere 30.
Marton, Ference
An alternative view of learning and an alternative view of research on learning are described in this paper. Learning is seen as a change in the conception of some aspect of reality and it is argued that learning has to be described in terms of its content. This line of research is intended to represent the learner's perspective and the description made from this point of view will thus differ radically from descriptions arrived at from the expert psychologist's perspective. Rather than characterizing underlying "processes" or "mechanisms," it is important to characterize the qualitatively different ways in which individuals understand concepts, principles, and aspects of reality dealt with in their studies. Even the act of learning appears in qualitatively different ways in the learner's consciousness. For some, learning involves memorizing a given text, but for others, learning implies finding out something about reality by reading that text. The qualitative differences in the experience of learning are closely correlated with qualitative differences in the outcome of learning. In order to improve learning, it is necessary to find out the different ways in which students think about the content and to raise their consciousness of the way they set about the learning task. (30 references) (Author/GL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: FernUniversitat, Hagen (West Germany). Zentrales Inst. fur Fernstudienforschung Arbeitsbereich.