ERIC Number: ED317029
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Une Analyse automatique en syntaxe textuelle (An Automated Analysis of Textual Syntax). Publication K-5.
This study reports the use of automated textual analysis on a French novel. An introductory section chronicles the history of artificial intelligence, focusing on its use with natural languages, and discusses its application to textual syntax. The first chapter examines computational linguistics in greater detail, looking at its relationship to several areas of language study (literature, artificial intelligence, and analysis of verb tense), the technological requirements, and specific aspects of the automated recognition of verb forms in a text. The second chapter outlines the automation of tense analysis using a model proposed by Harald Weinrich. Subsections discuss automated recognition of verb forms, statistical analyses, and the interactive role of the investigator with this model. The third chapter contains the results of an analysis performed on Gustave Flaubert's "Un Coeur Simple," accomplished in four stages: (1) analysis of the overall "landscape" of verbs in each chapter of the story; (2) the narrative tempo; (3) the speaker's attitude; and (4) transitions in tense within the text. The brief time taken for the computerized analysis is emphasized, and the approach used is seen as useful in bringing together literature and the study of natural languages through artificial intelligence. (MSE)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Computational Linguistics, Computer Software, Discourse Analysis, Foreign Countries, French, French Literature, Models, Programing, Statistical Analysis, Syntax, Tenses (Grammar), Verbs
International Center for Research on Bilingualism, Par Casault-Universite Laval, Quebec GIK 7P4, Canada.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Laval Univ., Quebec (Quebec). International Center for Research on Bilingualism.