ERIC Number: ED316969
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Parental Reactions to Cleft Palate Children.
This literature review examines parental reactions following the birth of a cleft lip/palate child, focusing primarily on the mother's reactions. The research studies cited have explored such influences on maternal reactions as her feelings of lack of control over external forces and her feelings of guilt that the deformity was her fault. Delays in the formation of the mother-child bond due to these reactions are evaluated, along with the impact of the parents' feelings of guilt and anxiety on the child's early emotional and social development. Other studies compare the effect of a facial defect (cleft lip) versus a hidden anomaly (cleft palate), and compare the adjustment of parents of older cleft lip/palate children with that of parents of younger cleft lip/palate children. Frustrations in the feeding process, from both the child's and the parents' perspective, are addressed. Other influences on parents' reactions, such as the amount of time which passed before being told of the condition and the way in which the mother was told, are also considered. Finally, the influence of counseling is examined, with special emphasis on the roles of the speech pathologist and psychologist. 21 references. (JDD)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A