ERIC Number: ED316942
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Dec-20
Reference Count: N/A
The New Improved Sorting Machine.
Moore, Donald R.; Davenport, Suzanne
This report analyzes a set of interlocking placement and labeling practices that heavily influence access to educational opportunities in the nation's largest urban school systems. The practices analyzed include high school admission, within-school tracking and grouping, and grade promotion and retention. Study conclusions and related recommendations are based on data-gathering and analysis in New York, Chicago, Philadelphia, and Boston. The study focuses on low-income, minority, limited-English-proficient, handicapped, and low-achieving students, termed students at risk. Results underscore the need for comprehensive school restructuring and express major concerns about how restructuring will be implemented. Will restructuring benefit high-risk students or institutionalize new custodial arrangements for them? Following a study overview, the second chapter presents basic facts about the four school systems. Chapter 3 discusses student placement and labeling practices for all school levels, and chapter 4 examines high school admissions policies and practices. Chapter 5 explores tracking and grouping within high schools, showing that options schools and programs represent a newer, more sophisticated student categorization system. Chapter 6 examines student promotion and retention practices and "reforms" in the four school systems. Chapter 7 discusses schooling outcomes, based on dropout rates and reading achievement indicators. Chapter 8 presents major conclusions and recommendations concerning deficient and unequal schooling outcomes. Included are numerous tables, chapter references, and four appendices. (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, Madison, WI.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago); Massachusetts (Boston); New York (New York); Pennsylvania (Philadelphia)