ERIC Number: ED316907
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Job Satisfaction as a Function of Interpersonal Needs: An Analysis of Superior-Subordinate Relationships.
Streich, David J.; Hellweg, Susan A.
This study examined the relationship between a superior and subordinate's interpersonal need orientation and subordinate job satisfaction, based on W. C. Schutz's Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation theory which suggests that compatible interpersonal needs are characterized by relational satisfaction. Subjects, 118 people in 59 superior-subordinate dyads, completed two measurement instruments: the Job Description Index and the Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation Behavior scales. Using interpersonal need coorientation in the areas of inclusion, control, and affection as independent variables and the work, supervision, pay, promotion, and co-worker dimensions of job satisfaction as dependent variables, the study categorized the 59 dyads into similar, partially similar, and dissimilar groups. Results failed to confirm any of the study's hypotheses, instead showing that when all three interpersonal needs were considered, dissimilarity was characterized by significantly higher work, promotion, and co-worker satisfaction than similarity. These results suggest that interpersonal needs are an exception to the similarity rule. (Five tables of data are included, and 58 references are attached.) (SR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation