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ERIC Number: ED316898
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Dimensions of Communication Apprehension beyond Boundaries: A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study of U.S. and Japanese Management Personnel.
Pucel, Joanna K.; And Others
A study explored the self-reported nonverbal stress behaviors perceived by men and women in management positions in both Japan and the United States who were required to give public speeches as part of their employment or daily lives. The sample included 136 subjects from the United States (60 males, 76 females) and 99 Japanese subjects (86 males, 13 females). The questionnaire was translated and distributed in Japan. To achieve a broad overview, the subjects completed the Nonverbal Communication Survey, designed to examine nonverbal self-reported perceived behaviors toward public speaking situations. Data were compiled separately for both males and females in both cultures. Results revealed that communication apprehension is not limited to United States business populations but is also prevalent in the Japanese business culture as well. Results also showed that similar self-reported nonverbal behaviors are perceived by both cultures, thus suggesting the possibility of "cultural universals." The frequent occurrence of communication apprehension related nonverbal behaviors suggests that a universal attitude exists toward the fear of speaking to groups of people. (A figure and four tables of data are included, and 13 references are attached.) (Author/SR)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan