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ERIC Number: ED316826
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Feb-19
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Influence of Homophobia and Knowledge of AIDS on Empathy for Persons with AIDS.
Walters, Andrew S.
There has been considerable variation in reports of how much people know about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). This study explored empathy towards persons with AIDS. The first part of the study involved pretesting subjects on two scales. Data were collected from 125 male and 125 female college students. A factor analysis revealed there were three factors highly influencing empathy: social rights, willingness to help, and true empathy. In the second phase of the experiment, six vignettes were created, each of which described a character who had somehow contracted AIDS. Two vignettes focused on children, and the other four on adults, two men and two women. Two vignettes suggested that the character with AIDS had contracted it through some sexual relationship, and two featured adults who likely had contracted AIDS through intravenous drug use. A seventh group received commentary on homosexual men and their sexual behaviors as homosexuals. The final group served as a control group. All groups completed the knowledge of AIDS test, the empathy inventory, and the Index of Homophobia Profile. The results indicated that correlations between knowledge of AIDS, empathy for persons with AIDS and the Index of Homophobia Profile were significant. High homophobia was significantly associated with lower knowledge about AIDS and less empathy for persons with AIDS. Knowledge and empathy were positively associated with each other. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A