ERIC Number: ED316809
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Observing Groups at Work: Models, Means, and Methods.
Wilson, F. Robert; Conyne, Robert K.
The purpose of this paper is threefold: to explore the current status of group process research; to present an automated system for collecting group observations; and to provide a framework for a training method for observers. In the discussion of group process research it is suggested that it remains largely unclear what the relationships are between process variables and member outcomes and what elements comprise each of these assumedly important process variables. The models, means, and methods of group process are discussed. It is noted that the means for conducting observations and descriptions of group process events could be categorized as being events themselves, such as member behaviors or verbal statements. Following this discussion, the "Group Observer" (Wilson, 1989), an automated system for collecting group process observations from the perspective of a variety of process observation models is presented. The Group Observer, currently undergoing field testing, was developed to ease the collection of group process data for research, training, and supervision. Finally, the "Systematic Rater Training Model," designed to enhance the utility of the observational data by increasing the reliability, validity, and motivation of group process observers, is presented. The paper concludes that for group process research to flourish, it will be necessary for researchers to record "who does what to whom in the process...of their interaction." In summary, success depends on the use of carefully trained observers of the group process phenomenon assisted by automated data recording devices. Five figures and a list of training model components are included. (ABL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Counseling and Development (Cincinnati, OH, March 16-19, 1990).