ERIC Number: ED316807
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Rewards and Concerns in the Employee Role and Their Relationship to Health Outcomes. Working Paper No. 185.
Barnett, Rosalind C.
Research into the experiential determinants of stress-related health measures has progressed dramatically in the last 10 years. Examination of the relationship between life events and psychological distress has been redirected from an early emphasis on major life events to a focus on minor events, i.e., the positive and negative happenings in day-to-day living. This study examined the relationships between rewards and concerns in the employee role and three health measures: psychological distress; psychological well-being; and self-reports of physical symptoms. Subjects (N=403) were a probability sample of health-care providers, i.e., licensed practical nurses and social workers, who varied in partnership and parental status. Subjects were interviewed in their homes or offices about their major social roles, psychological distress, well being, and physical health. The results indicated that the rewarding aspects of day-to-day life in the employee role have an important effect on health measures and that the relationship of work rewards and work concerns differ both for different health measures and for women in different family-role statuses. Work rewards and work concerns have main effects on psychological distress and physical symptoms, i.e., high work rewards buffered the negative effects of high work concerns on these two measures. For each health measure, the relationship between work rewards and concerns was conditioned by family role status. The effect of work rewards and concerns was conditioned by partnership status; the effect on psychological distress was conditioned by parental stress. (Author/ABL)
Descriptors: Employed Women, Family Role, Job Satisfaction, Marriage, Mothers, Physical Health, Psychological Patterns, Role Conflict, Role Perception, Well Being
Wellesley College Center for Research on Women, Wellesley, MA 02181 ($3.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. for Occupational Safety and Health (DHEW/PHS), Cincinnati, OH.
Authoring Institution: Wellesley Coll., MA. Center for Research on Women.
Note: For related papers, see CG 022 355-357.