ERIC Number: ED316774
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Identifying High Risk Substance Users in Grades 9 and 11. A Report to Attorney General John K. Van de Kamp.
Skager, Rodney; Frith, Sandra L.
Three groups of secondary school students were identified in the sample of over 7,000 high school students from the 1987/88 California Substance Use Survey based on patterns of involvement with alcohol and other drugs. Of primary interest are high risk users (HRUs) who engage in socially deplored and often dangerous forms of substance use. HRU students made up approximately 14 percent of the students enrolled in the 9th grade and 23 percent in the 11th grade. The other groups included the abstainers and the conventional users. This research examined how HRU students differed from the other two groups on demographics, other measures of substance use, attitudes and experiences relating to substance use, and potential for dropping out of school. Surprisingly, HRUs did not differ appreciably from the other two groups with respect to age, gender, or socioeconomic status. Especially significant from the perspective of schools' programs is the fact that 60 percent of the 11th graders enrolled in continuation high schools were classified as HRU compared to only 20 percent of those enrolled in regular high schools. A High Risk User Scale was developed by identifying questions which discriminated effectively between HRU and the two other groups. Among students still enrolled in school, there was a substantial overlap between high risk drug use and potential for dropping out of school. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: California State Office of the Attorney General, Sacramento.
Note: For a related document, see CG 022 320.