ERIC Number: ED316638
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Closing the Wage Gap. An International Perspective.
National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC.
This document comprises a report on international progress to close the "wage gap", the differential between the earnings of women and men. Information was gathered on pay equity activities from a survey of government agencies, trade unions, women's organizations, and international bodies. Almost all of the jurisdictions surveyed have addressed the issue of "equal pay for equal work" through both anti-discrimination and equal pay laws. However, not all countries address the undervaluing of female-dominated jobs, "equal pay for work of equal value," even though the issue has been addressed by the International Labor Organization (ILO) and the European Economic Community. Ontario, Canada, currently leads the world in unprecedented legislation enacted in 1987 to require pay equity implementation in both public and private sectors. The wage gap for the following countries is reported: (1) Australia; (2) Belgium; (3) Brazil; (4) Canada and the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, and the Yukon Territory; (5) Costa Rica; (6) Cyprus; (7) Czechoslovakia; (8) Denmark; (9) El Salvador; (10) the Federal Republic of Germany; (11) Finland; (12) France; (13) Greece; (14) Iceland; (15) the Republic of Ireland; (16) Northern Ireland; (17) Italy; (18) Korea; (19) Luxembourg; (20) the Netherlands; (21) New Zealand; (22) Norway; (23) the Soviet Union; (24) Sweden; (25) the United Kingdom; and (26) the United States. Statistical data are included on four graphs. A list of 10 references and a brief description of the National Committee on Pay Equity are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC.