ERIC Number: ED316637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
The Wage Gap: Briefing Paper #1.
National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC.
Women have made slow, steady progress in the labor market since 1979, but the wage gap has not narrowed significantly. This briefing paper updates a September 1987 paper based on "Male-Female Differences in Work Experience, Occupations, and Earnings: 1984" (Current Population Reports, Household Economic Studies, Series P-70, No. 10, issued in August 1987). Current earnings data were drawn from "Money Income of Households, Families, and Persons in the United states: 1987" (Current Population Reports, Consumer Income, Series P-60, No. 162, issued February 1989) and unpublished Bureau of Labor Statistics data. The "wage gap" is defined as the annual female-male earnings ratio for full-time workers. The following highlights are briefly discussed: (1) there is confusion surrounding the actual wage gap because of changes in the way data are gathered; (2) the wage gap was not sharply reduced; (3) some reduction in the gap is due to a decrease in men's real earnings; (4) women's work interruptions for family reasons have little effect on the wage gap; (5) job segregation critically affects the wage gap; (6) Blacks and Hispanics of both sexes continue to earn less than Whites; and (7) women's participation and earnings are up in some but not all occupations. Statistical data are included on five tables. (FMW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Committee on Pay Equity, Washington, DC.