ERIC Number: ED316633
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990
Reference Count: N/A
Notes on the Changing Economic Status of Children in the United States: 1970-1985.
Levy, Frank; Michel, Richard
This document comprises a preliminary study of the causes of children's declining economic status within the income distribution between 1970 and 1985. Samples of 25-35 year old men and women for 1970 and 1985 drawn from the March "Demographic File" editions of the Current Population Survey (CPS) were analyzed. The following factors were examined: (1) differential fertility declines across educational groups; (2) the extent to which the status of children improves as birth rates regain equilibrium; and (3) the gap between the educational level of parents and the educational level of the workplace at large. The following findings are reported: (1) a decrease in the number of children in two-parent families was the most important factor contributing to the declining economic status of children, followed by an increase in the number of children in female-headed families and a decline in the economic status of less-educated working parents; (2) a projected 35 percent increase in the number of children in two-parent families due to postponed childbearing would have only a modest effect on the overall economic status of children; and (3) the gap between the educational level of parents and the educational level of the workplace widened modestly, probably due to the increased number of female family heads who are high school graduates. Seven tables of statistical data are appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Children, Demography, Economic Research, Economic Status, Educational Attainment, Family Characteristics, Family Financial Resources, Nuclear Family, One Parent Family, Parent Background, Population Trends
Publications Office, The Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A