ERIC Number: ED316622
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Apr-8
Reference Count: N/A
Persistent Urban Poverty and the Underclass: A Perspective Based on the Hispanic Experience.
James, Franklin J.
This paper summarizes what can be surmised about the nature and causes of persistent poverty and how it affects Hispanics, especially Chicanos. Section 1, "Persistent Poverty among Urban Minorities: A Review of the Literature," reviews the overall literature on the subject. Both documentary literature describing persistent poverty and analytic and descriptive literature discussing the emergence of an urban underclass are considered. Section 2, "Modeling the Emergence of the Black Underclass," is an in-depth consideration of William Julius Wilson's model of the emergence of a persistently poor Black urban underclass, as presented in his book, "The Truly Disadvantaged," and of the applicability of this model to Hispanics. Factors distinguishing the experiences of Blacks and Hispanics are identified. Section 3, "The Wilson Model and Chicanos," compares data from the 1980 Census on the characteristics and situations of Blacks and Hispanics in three poor neighborhoods in Denver, Colorado. Section 4, "Conditions in Denver's Poorest Neighborhoods," discusses a profile of the overall population at risk of persistent poverty in the Denver metropolitan area. This profile suggests significant differences in the etiology of persistent poverty among Blacks, Hispanics, and non-Hispanic Whites. Six graphs and 12 tables are included, along with one figure. A list of 40 references is also included. A table of the number of underclass behaviors exhibited among minorities in individual Census tracts is appended. (JS)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Rockefeller Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Tomas Rivera Center, Claremont, CA.
Identifiers - Location: Colorado (Denver)