ERIC Number: ED316598
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: 0
The Economic Plight of America's Young Families. An Update of CDF's Vanishing Dreams Report.
Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.; Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA. Center for Labor Market Studies.
This report describes improvements in the status of families headed by persons under age 30 from 1986 to 1987 based on figures from "Vanishing Dreams" and the most recent available data drawn from the Current Population Survey. The following sets of economic data are updated: (1) earnings of family heads; (2) young family incomes; and (3) poverty rates. The findings of this report indicate that where the situation did improve from 1986 to 1987, it improved very little, and that in some important respects the situation worsened. The following trends are discussed: (1) the poverty rate among children living in young families continued to rise in 1987; (2) the median earnings for all heads of families younger then 30 with children fell by more than 36 percent from 1973 to 1987; (3) a 24.4 percent plunge from 1973 to 1987 in median income for young families with children because of lower earnings for family heads and increasing number of single-parent families; (4) in 1987 the median income of the nation's 1.3 million young black families for the first time fell below the amount needed to keep a 4-person family out of poverty; and (5) the proportion of births to young women who received late or no prenatal care increased from 1976 to 1987. The following measures are recommended to help young families: (1) an increase in the federal minimum wage; (2) the enactment of the Act for Better Child Care Services (ABC); (3) the expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); (4) an extension of Medicaid coverage to reach all poor and near-poor pregnant women and children; and (5) a continuation of building upon the successes of proven, cost-effective programs such as Head Start, Chapter 1, WIC, and the Job Corps. Six tables are included, along with three figures. Nine additional tables are appended. (JS)
Publication Type: Reports - General; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: EXXON Corp., New York, NY.; Victor Valley Community Coll. District, Victorville, CA.; Ford Foundation, New York, NY.; Russell Sage Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.; Northeastern Univ., Boston, MA. Center for Labor Market Studies.
Note: For related document, see UD 027 177.