ERIC Number: ED316361
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
Preparing Rural Administrators: What Do They Need? What Do They Want?
Jacobson, Stephen L.; Woodworth, Beth E.
Research on school effectiveness points to administrative leadership as one of the critical factors in creating effective schools. There is perhaps no educational setting in which this relationship is stronger than the small rural school district. In 1988 a national survey of school administrators conducted by the State University of New York at Buffalo found that 349 of 1,123 respondents were from rural districts. This paper presents the perceptions of these rural administrators on: (1) the quality of their graduate school training; (2) the relationship between theory-based training and experiential learning in administrative practice; (3) the importance of university-school district collaboration; (4) rural-urban differences in administrative salary and job satisfaction; (5) the extent of systematic in-service professional development available to administrators; (6) participation of women and minorities in rural administration; and (7) the impact of educational reform efforts on rural districts. These responses are compared to those of urban and suburban administrators and are discussed in relation to the deficiencies in administrator preparation reported in "Leaders for America's Schools," the 1987 report of the National Commission on Excellence in Educational Administration. Recommendations for pre-service education of rural administrators focus on preparing administrative generalists, providing exposure to rural settings through field experiences, and incorporating aspects of rural sociology and economics. This paper contains 21 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrator Education, Administrators, Educational Administration, Educational Needs, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Higher Education, National Surveys, Relevance (Education), Rural Areas, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Rural Urban Differences, School Districts
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).