ERIC Number: ED316341
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Education: What Are the Costs of High-Quality Programs? United States General Accounting Office Briefing Report to the Chairman, Committee on Labor and Human Resources, U.S. Senate.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
The General Accounting Office conducted a study to determine the costs of providing high-quality early childhood education (ECE). The study aimed to estimate the average annual cost per child of provision of high-quality ECE, compare the average annual salary for ECE teachers with that of public elementary school teachers, and determine the extent to which costs of a typical ECE center change when there are changes in such factors as number of children enrolled and the child/teacher ratio. Data were collected by questionnaires sent to directors of 265 full-day, full-year preschool and ECE programs accredited by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), which has criteria similar to those of S. 123, the Community Collaborative for Early Childhood Development Act of 1989, also known as the "Smart Start" Bill. Findings concern: (1) overall costs of centers; (2) effects of variations in center characteristics on per-child cost; and (3) characteristics of children enrolled. Five appendices provide a comparison of S. 123 criteria and NAEYC standards, notes on study design and methodology, and technical material on the economic analysis of the costs of high-quality ECE. Major contributors to the briefing report are listed. A total of 26 tables and 31 figures supplement the text. (RH)
Descriptors: Class Size, Comparative Analysis, Costs, Criteria, Day Care Centers, Early Childhood Education, Educational Quality, Federal Legislation, Standards, Student Characteristics, Tables (Data), Teacher Salaries, Teacher Student Ratio
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (First five copies free; additional copies: $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.