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ERIC Number: ED316328
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Interaction Preferences of Nonhandicapped Children.
Cruz, Josue, Jr.; And Others
The purpose of this study was to explore the preferences of primary-aged, non-handicapped children for particular handicapping conditions, including visual, hearing, and orthopedic impairments. Of particular interest were the following questions: (1) Do young children understand the nature of a given handicap? (2) Are young children capable of discriminating between the different handicaps? (3) Is there a developmental pattern with regard to grade, age, and gender? (4) What particular preferences exist towards specific handicapping conditions? A total of 127 children in kindergarten through third grade participated in the study. Subjects were presented three black and white photographs depicting the handicapping conditons and were asked to indicate their preference. Each was asked 22 questions dealing with the following topics: the nature of the handicapping conditions; friendship; helping; play; and work/task performance. Grade level, age, and, less markedly, gender differences were found. Consistency of responses targeting orthopedic impairment for friendship, auditory impairment for play, and visual impairment for helping suggests that nonhandicapped children perceive handicaps in terms of limitations, and that they have a narrow view of the handicapped person's ability to contribute. It is concluded that the earlier such misconceptions are dispelled, the more facilitative classrooms will be for the handicapped, mainstreamed child. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A