ERIC Number: ED316324
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Effects of a Brief Intervention Program To Promote Prosocial Behaviors in Young Children.
Honig, Alice S.; Pollack, Brad
A reward system was implemented for 1 month in a second grade classroom in an attempt to increase prosocial interactions among students. Participants were 37 children approximately 7.5 years of age who attended two classes at a rural elementary school. Children in treatment and control classrooms were given a brief lecture on good citizenship; additionally, treatment group subjects were provided a reward system designed to help them become good citizens. In the treatment condition, students were given opportunity to earn stars every time they did a kind or helpful act. Children were encouraged to report during daily circle time how they had been kind, cooperative, helpful, or had shared something with a peer. Each report had to be corroborated by at least one classmate. Prosocial behavior increased significantly among second graders in the treatment group, not only in the classroom, but also in the hallways and lunchroom. Pre- to post-treatment differences in control subjects' prosocial behavior were not found. It is concluded that if young children are to act in caring and helpful ways, they must be consistently reinforced until acting in a prosocial manner becomes habitual and self-reinforcing. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Congress of Psychology (24th, Sydney, Australia, August, 1988).