ERIC Number: ED316272
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: 0
HERMANN: Holistic Evaluation Reading Magazines and Newspapers/Novels.
Ritchey, Joyce A.; Starke, Diane J.
In 1988, a study was conducted to determine whether a holistic or an isolated skills approach is more effective in improving the reading abilities and attitudes toward reading of predominantly Hispanic community college students. The study sample consisted of two groups of developmental reading students. The majority of students in both groups were female Hispanics with reading abilities between the 8th and 10th grade levels. According to Nelson-Denny Reading Test scores, both groups had comparable reading abilities. Reading attitudes were tested using the Mikulecky Behavioral Reading Attitude Measure. The first group consisted of 53 students who were taught the holistic approach to reading, using cognitive operations and thinking strategies. Class activities included reading and discussing news magazine and newspaper articles, writing in journals, and reading self-selected novels. The non-holistic group of 46 students used the regular college textbook adopted for the developmental reading course which emphasizes isolated skills. The holistic approach group showed 100% attitude improvement, while 75% of the non-holistic group showed improvement. The study was replicated the following semester with the addition of students reading from 10th to 12th grade levels. These students showed marked improvement with holistic instruction, though attitude improvement was slightly less than in the first study. The Holistic method was found to be a positive factor in reading gains of students at the 10th and 12th grade levels, while both teaching methods showed positive results for students at the 8th and 10th grade levels. (WJT)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: El Paso Community Coll., TX.