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ERIC Number: ED316207
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Dec
Pages: 81
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Increasing the Utility of Information Systems in Schools: Lessons from the Literature. Multilevel Evaluation Systems Project.
Herman, Joan
The Multilevel Evaluation Systems Project is exploring the requirements for information systems that could help teachers and administrators sort through, analyze, and apply comprehensive information about their students, community, instructional processes, and outcomes to improve their schools. Toward this end, a multi-disciplinary literature review was conducted to identify guiding principles for system design and implementation. The direction of the literature review was shaped by Lucas' observation that the major reason information systems fail is that designers concentrate on technical aspects while they overlook users' organizational behavior and needs. The major research literature covered includes teacher planning, evaluation utilization, information representation and decision making, computers and user friendliness, management information systems, and cognitive psychology. The rationale for selecting these major areas is described, and the conclusion summarizes the major principles and implications suggested by the research. The summary includes 10 guiding principles and an accompanying checklist of planning and review questions for the design and implementation of a maximally useful information system. (63 references) (GL)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: California Univ., Los Angeles. Center for the Study of Evaluation.