ERIC Number: ED316066
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Performance Appraisal for Faculty. Implications for Higher Education. From the Program on Faculty as a Key Resource.
Blackburn, Robert T.; Pitney, Judith A.
This review of the literature on performance appraisal for college and university faculty was undertaken to serve the ultimate goal of improving student cognitive learning. The starting point was to ask what is known about performance appraisal. What are its positive and negative consequences? How does the manner in which it is conducted relate to future performance? In what ways do the skills of the appraiser affect the outcomes? To what degree can what is accepted about performance appraisal in other settings be expected to be true for faculty and department chairs in colleges and universities? These and other questions directed the investigation. The review contains five sections and begins with a brief exposition of the principal theories that underlie performance appraisal research in Section I. Section II examines the research studies conducted in the field or in the laboratory to test hypotheses drawn from the theories. The research is principally in the psychological and organizational fields with few contributions from postsecondary education. Section II ends with 15 general conclusions, "truths" that postsecondary education needs to take into consideration to improve its performance and more closely achieve its goals. Section III describes the norms, values, structures, and practices that characterize colleges and universities so that the application of the findings can be inferred as to their likelihood of successful outcomes in postsecondary institutions. Following this, a plan for performance appraisal well suited for colleges and universities is advanced in Section IV and the conditions under which it could be successful are discussed in Section V. The list of cited references, an appendix, and a bibliography complete the monograph. The appendix briefly identifies the main appraisal procedures currently in practice in business. (AA)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Faculty, College Students, Educational Assessment, Educational Quality, Excellence in Education, Faculty Development, Higher Education, Instructional Improvement, Learning, Literature Reviews, Personnel Evaluation, Student Development, Teacher Evaluation, Teacher Improvement
The National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning, 2400 School of Education Bldg., The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 ($10.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research to Improve Postsecondary Teaching and Learning, Ann Arbor, MI.