ERIC Number: ED316059
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972
Reference Count: N/A
Ashton-Warner Literacy Method. Technical Note No. 5.
Gunter, Jock; And Others
A modified version of Sylvia Ashton-Warner's approach to literacy training, originally developed to teach Maori children, is described. The adapted method was used in Ecuador in an international literacy education program. With this method, rather than using a text, learners are taught written words important to their lives and are encouraged to write sentences and stories that are shared with the other learners. The basis of the approach is that while rural villagers may have difficulty with traditional approaches to literacy training, their characteristics can also represent a resource and guide for an effective teaching strategy. Since circumstances in Ecuador differed from those in the Maori context, including the teacher's relationship with students, student ages, and less frequent and less structured meetings, they caused some adjustment in the teaching method used. A typical session in Ecuador brings together 15-30 individuals of differing ages for small-group discussion of topics relevant to the participants' lives, writing of sentences using new words learned, reading aloud of those sentences in the larger group, and further discussion. Additional modifications and applications have occurred as facilitators have related their literacy training to other games used in the program. (MSE) (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse on Literacy Education)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Literacy Education, Native Language Instruction, Relevance (Education), Rural Areas, Teaching Methods, Writing Instruction
Center for International Education Publications, Hills House South, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003 (1-15 copies, $1.00; 16-25 copies, $1.50).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts Univ., Amherst. Center for International Education.
Identifiers - Location: Ecuador