ERIC Number: ED316046
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov-20
Reference Count: N/A
Foreign Language and International Education: The Federal Role. CRS Report for Congress.
Riddle, Wayne Clifton
Currently, the Federal Government provides funds to a variety of postsecondary foreign language and international studies education programs authorized under Title VI of the Higher Education Act (HEA). Elementary and secondary foreign language and international studies programs are authorized under Title II of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, and additional postsecondary programs under HEA Title VI, but these are not currently funded. Related activities are also supported by the State Department's Soviet-East European Studies Program and the Japan-United States Friendship Commission. Critiques of both the quantity and quality of American education are commonplace. Individual analysts and study commissions have frequently concluded that requirements and offerings fall well below those in other major nations and below the level required for economic competitiveness and educational excellence. Concerns about inefficient program coordination, imbalances in attention paid to different world regions and languages, and limited or static funding are expressed frequently. Options for the future federal role in this area include: (1) termination of specific support, relying on general postsecondary aid and market forces to influence student decisions; (2) maintenance of current support; and (3) expansion and consolidation of federal aid. (MSE)
Descriptors: Area Studies, Budgeting, Degrees (Academic), Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Foreign Countries, Government Role, Higher Education, International Education, International Educational Exchange, International Studies, Language Attitudes, Policy Formation, Program Termination, Public Opinion, Public Policy, Retrenchment, Second Language Programs
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.
Identifiers - Location: Europe; Japan; USSR
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title II; Fulbright Hays Act; Higher Education Act Title VI