ERIC Number: ED315850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The State and Gender Equity in U.S. Education.
Stromquist, Nelly P.
To improve the condition of women in education, women have utilized legislation, particularly federal legislation. Three main federal statutes have protected women's rights in education since 1972. These are the Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972, the Women's Educational Equity Act passed in 1975, and the Vocational Amendments Act of 1976. In addition, 13 states have enacted legislation that parallels Title IX, and 31 states have some legislation prohibiting sex discrimination in primary and secondary education programs. The implementation of the three federal laws dealing with gender equity are reviewed in detail. The specific changes and achievements have occurred in the areas of textbook materials, curriculum content, teacher training, access of women to advanced educational programs, presence of women in educational institutions as faculty and administrators, and incentives for students. Several elements exist between the legislation and the observed outcomes; these elements focus on inputs in place, transformations in educational organizations, and transformations in students. Ten tables are appended. (34 references) (SI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Revised version of paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Comparative and International Education Society (Cambridge, MA, March 31-April 2, 1989).