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ERIC Number: ED315831
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Nov
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Academic Freedom and Scholarly Journals in Speech Communication: An Editor's Perspective.
Benson, Thomas W.
Traditional conceptions of academic freedom in higher education are based on the 1940 statement of the American Association of University Professors. Sanctions were most typically administered hierarchically: administrators, perhaps pressured by forces outside the institution, punished offending faculty by denying or revoking tenure. Based on the experiences of one editor, classic assaults on academic freedom have not been a problem. In the culture of scholarly publication, the gatekeeping process results in the rejection of 80% to 90% of manuscripts submitted. The issue of merit, even with a process of blind reviewing, can and does result in decisions in which political judgments are invoked: (1) In speech communication, although a variety of politically correct sentiments may be expressed, there is a tendency to actively discourage the statement of political views. (2) In a field full of diverse and developing research and epistemological paradigms, manuscripts may be rejected for what their authors might regard as having to do with the politics of inquiry. It is not clear whether these should be regarded as potential violations of academic freedom or as matters of legitimate professional practice about which differences must continue to exist. In general, it appears that limits upon academic freedom in speech communication are either self-imposed or are administered by colleagues and peers through the process of blind reviewing, rather than by being imposed from without by administrators or the external society. (Fifteen notes and 25 references are attached.) (Author/MG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A