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ERIC Number: ED315800
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1985
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Taylor, Graicunas, Worthy, Likert, and Thayer: Span of Control and Organizational Structure--Where They Fit on the "Leadership Continuum."
Corder, Lloyd E.
The "Leadership Continuum" model developed in 1961 by R. Tannenbaum, I. Weschler, and F. Massarik clearly illustrates the ideas that management scholars like Frederick Taylor, V. A. Graicunas, James Worthy, Rensis Likert, and Frederick Thayer have posited concerning span of control and organizational structure. Each of these scholars fits at some point on the "leadership continuum" scale. The model (the underlying assumption of which is that leadership is not always centered with the "boss") provides an important contrast between what scholars thought several years ago versus what they think now, and provides insight into how ideas about management have changed. The model successfully portrays how the authority of the manager has moved to a more subordinate-centered authority, delineating how those who hold the knowledge make the actual decisions. This shift can be seen as the first step toward an end to hierarchy. Also, the natural progression of management theory was and is toward more personal leadership, where more employees have a greater impact on organizational decisions and outcomes. (One figure containing the "Leadership Continuum" model, and 16 notes are included.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A