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ERIC Number: ED315681
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug-13
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Loneliness: The Experience and Its Antecedents.
Rokach, Ami
The present research attempted to contribute to the study of loneliness by examining the factors that comprise the phenomenological construct of what is referred to as loneliness and by aiding in identification of its antecedents. Subjects (N=526) included 228 males and 298 females from all walks of life and varied demographic backgrounds. Data collection was conducted in a group setting, in which subjects who had been assured of their anonymity were asked to describe their loneliest experience with their thoughts, feelings, and coping strategies. Subject responses were categorized. A model of loneliness was constructed on the basis of study data. The model consists of four major elements (self-alienation, interpersonal isolation, agony, distressed reactions) which can be described as "super structures." Ten factors define and differentiate the major elements. Factors are further differentiated by 23 components. The content analysis yielded a multi-clustered model of the antecedents of loneliness with the clusters of relational deficits, traumatic events, and characterological and developmental variables. Four factors were found to be most common in causing loneliness: loss, inadequate social support system, personal shortcomings, and crisis. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada