ERIC Number: ED315663
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Learning and Reality: Reflections on Trends in Adult Learning. Information Series No. 336.
Fellenz, Robert A.; Conti, Gary J.
The focus of the adult education field is shifting to adult learning. Current trends are the continued development of the concepts of andragogy and self-directed learning, increased emphasis on learning how to learn, and real-life learning. Cognitive psychology is influencing work in adult learning. The concept of intelligence as it relates to adults is moving away from the notion of IQ toward a recognition that intelligence has multiple aspects. Application of the concept of learning style has been hindered by confusion over terminology and lack of appropriate measurement instruments for adults. The teaching of learning strategies to adults tends to emphasize metacognition, memory, and motivation. Critical thinking is becoming more important in an environment complicated by an information explosion and rapid social and technological change. The influence of the social environment and culture upon learning is also being examined. The goal of learning in the social environment is action, often intended to cause social change. One method increasingly being used is participatory research, the ultimate goal of which is empowerment. Current trends in adult learning research point to a new image of the adult learner as an empowered learner--one who understands the learning process and the social environment and who can respond to the challenges of improving that setting. Adult educators must take a more active stance to meet learner needs for individual development and social reconstruction. The shift of research focus to the adult learner holds potential for mending the fragmented nature of the field of adult education. (145 references.) (SK)
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adult Students, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Style, Critical Thinking, Cultural Context, Educational Research, Educational Trends, Learning Strategies, Memory, Metacognition, Participatory Research, Social Action, Social Environment
Publications Office, Center on Education and Training for Employment, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, OH 43210-1090 (order no. IN336: $5.25).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Policymakers; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.