ERIC Number: ED315650
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Sep-29
Reference Count: N/A
Job Training Partnership Act: Participants, Services, and Outcomes. Statement before the Committee on Education and Labor, United States House of Representatives.
Thompson, Lawrence H.
The U.S. General Accounting Office studied the characteristics of individual participants in training provided by the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA), the kinds and intensity of services they received, and the occupations in which they were employed after leaving the program. Visits to 63 randomly selected service delivery areas provided information on 5,500 adult participants, which was included in a database for one complete program year that is projectable to JTPA service delivery areas and program enrollees nationwide. Two significantly different groups of participants and nonparticipants eligible for participation--those who experience less difficulty in the labor market and those who experience more difficulty--were constructed from demographic statistics, employment data, the results of previous research, expert opinion, and multiple regression analysis on Current Population Survey data. The following major findings are reported: (1) the study found little evidence that service was being targeted to those eligible adults whose demographic characteristics suggest they may have been least ready to obtain employment on their own when they came into the program; (2) the least job-ready group tended to receive less intensive services than those who were more job ready; (3) participants obtained jobs with skill levels similar to the skill level of their training, which may indicate that outcomes could be improved if more people were trained for more highly skilled jobs; and (4) some long-term contracts with employers for excessive on-the-job training periods may indicate that they were actually receiving wage subsidies. (CML)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982