ERIC Number: ED315540
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Linkages between High Schools and Work: Lessons from Japan.
Rosenbaum, James E.
A study examined the way Japanese schools help their students find jobs and considered whether those aspects that seem to account for their success would be desirable and applicable in the United States. Hiring occurs in a three-step process in Japan. First, Japanese employers assign a certain number of jobs to a high school, depending on their relationship with the school. Second, school staff select students to nominate for these jobs. Third, employers interview nominees and make final selections. That third step is very important in the United States but is the least important of the steps in Japan, where 81 percent of the applicants are hired when they are first nominated and, of those rejected, 85 percent are hired by the second firm for which they are nominated. Students essentially compete academically for jobs, since grades are the primary determinant of whether a student receives a nomination from school staff. In cases where schools fail to send them qualified workers, employers stop offering jobs through that school. Two advantages of the Japanese system are that employers have a clear picture of the grades their potential employees received and the students have a good incentive for keeping their grades up. In the United States it appears that job placement programs can improve work entry but the benefits are not long lasting and do not improve wage rates or job quality. The counselors and other staff at many public high schools in the United States are ambivalent about whether it is to their students' and the public's advantage to build strong links with businesses. A great deal more research should be conducted to determine whether the Japanese system of job placement would work in the United States. (A 46-item bibliography concludes the document.) (CML)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Assessment of Vocational Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Policy Studies Associates, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: Japan