ERIC Number: ED315518
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Search for a Bottom Line in Vocational Training: What Lessons Are Offered by the Job Training Partnership Act?
Butler, Erik Payne
During the years since 1982 when the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) was passed, program and management practices have evolved in ways quite different from JTPA's much-criticized predecessor, the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA). The most significant evolution has been the strongly results-driven nature of the program accompanied by the development of formal national, state, and locally administered systems of outcome measures and standards for aggregated program achievement performance standards. Two other practices that have evolved over the several years of full implementation of JTPA have been performance-based contracting and competency-based programming. The performance standard approach has much in its favor, notwithstanding important issues about its effects on the design of programs and the selection of clients. The performance contracting system may conceal rather than reduce administrative costs, and it may result in serving only those clients easiest to train and place; however, it has merit. Finally, the competency-based program movement has been slower to develop and is harder to evaluate, although it has good points. These three aspects of the JTPA have implications for adult vocational education. JTPA has shown that is possible to establish a program driven by clear, measurable outcomes, and vocational education should move in that direction. At the same time, JTPA could use the training expertise of vocational education. (46 references.) (KC)
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Competence, Competency Based Education, Educational Improvement, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Training, Outcomes of Education, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Standards, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Assessment of Vocational Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: MPR Associates, Berkeley, CA.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982