ERIC Number: ED315511
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Performance-Based Policy Options for Postsecondary Vocational Education and Employment Training Programs.
Hoachlander, E. Gareth
Performance-based policy in postsecondary vocational education and employment training programs has two major goals. First, it seeks to increase the basic and job-specific skills needed by program participants to perform effectively in occupations related to training. Second, it aims to stimulate debate over what the appropriate outcomes for vocational education and employment training programs are, while freeing program providers to determine how such aims can best be achieved. For performance-based policy to be effective, it must meet four requirements: (1) it must be possible to define desired outcomes clearly; (2) it must be possible to measure these outcomes accurately and efficiently; (3) measures of performance must affect levels of funding; and (4) useful information on outcomes must be available for consumers and policymakers. Research has demonstrated that it is possible to meet these four requirements. Policy implications for crafting a performance-based approach to vocational education and employment training policy include the following: (1) it is important to restate the primary goal of adopting a performance-based orientation; (2) state policy should require the adoption of multiple definitions of performance; and (3) in linking funding to performance, the state needs to consider carefully the differences between employment training and vocational education programs, with performance contracting more appropriate for employment training. (KC)
Descriptors: Competency Based Education, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Trends, Employment Programs, Futures (of Society), Job Training, Postsecondary Education, Public Policy, Vocational Education
Materials Distribution Service, NCRVE, Western Illinois University, 46 Horrabin Hall, Macomb, IL 61455 (Order No. MDS-020: $3.00).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, Berkeley, CA.
Note: For a related document, see CE 053 774.