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ERIC Number: ED315452
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1990-Jan
Pages: 44
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Operationalization of a Frame of Reference for Studying Organizational Culture in Middle Schools.
Daniel, Larry G.
A frame of reference for studying culture in middle schools was developed. Items for the Middle School Description Survey (MSDS), which was designed to test elements of the ideal middle school culture, were created based on middle school advocacy literature. The items were conceptually categorized according to E. H. Schein's (1985) cultural content model. R-technique factor analysis of the instrument using data from 295 educators failed to support the validity of these conceptual cultural categories, but did identify the existence of a single "g" factor with which most of the items correlated highly. In a separate phase of the study, the MSDS was completed by 146 educators in 7 middle schools. Data from each of the schools were used in separate Q-technique factor analyses in an attempt to determine the instrument's usefulness in identifying distinct groups of individuals in these schools relative to their orientation to the culture construct. A number of identifiable "person clusters" were present in the several schools, with a high degree of uniqueness associated with the orientation of each cluster. These results indicate that the MSDS is a promising tool for measuring organizational culture in middle schools. A 48-item list of references, a list of items included in the MSDS, and 4 data tables are included. (Author/TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A