ERIC Number: ED315442
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Analyses of the Predictive Validity of the SAT and High School Grades from 1976 to 1985. College Board Report No. 89-7.
Since 1964, colleges have been sending data to the College Board Validity Study Service to allow determination of the degree to which measures used in admissions predict college performance. Beginning in the early 1970s and continuing into the mid 1970s, the observed average correlations of Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores with freshman grades increased dramatically. In the decade that followed, the strength of this relationship gradually declined. To determine the extent to which the observed variations in the average correlations might be associated with the composition of colleges conducting validity studies each year, validity data were analyzed for the enrolling classes of 1976 to 1985. The sample included 222 colleges that conducted 778 different validity studies over the 10-year period. Estimates of change, based on a repeated measures estimation approach utilizing data from colleges conducting more than one predictive validity study within the 10-year period, and correcting for the restriction of range in SAT scores and high school record, indicated a general linear trend from 1976 to 1985. The correlations of SAT scores with first-year college grades declined from about 0.51 to about 0.47, for a change of approximately 0.04. There was less change during this period for private colleges, small colleges, and selective institutions. Twenty-one data tables and four graphs are included. (TJH)
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Freshmen, Colleges, Educational Trends, Estimation (Mathematics), Grades (Scholastic), High School Students, High Schools, Higher Education, Longitudinal Studies, Predictive Validity, Test Validity, Trend Analysis
College Board Publications, P.O. Box 886, New York, NY 10101-0886 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)